Citizenship in a modern state expresses the status of a person who possesses full political rights.
This is so as a person who is a legal member of a state is citizen of that state. He must also owe allegiance to that particular state he resides and then enjoys full civil and political rights and will be ready to put his life at stake in defence of that country whenever occasion calls for that
The delineation of constituencies is a major duty of the Electoral Commission.
An Electoral Commission is a body of persons which is created by law in a state. It is given the responsibility of organizing and conducting free and fair elections in the state. e.g Federal Electoral Commission (FEDECO). National Electoral Commission of Nigeria (NECON) Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).
Some of its functions are as follows:
1. It divides the country into electoral dictrists called constituencies.
2. It registers political parties
3. It sees about registration of voters, compilation of voters register and revision and updatin
A common feature of a multi-party system is that government is formed by a coalition of political parties.
When there are several political parties in a country, it then become difficult for one party to win a clear majority in parliament. The part that has won the scanty majority will be forced to form a coalition government with another part. e.g. NPN and NNP during the second Republic.
To qualify for absorption into the administrative cadre in Nigeria, an applicant must be a holder of a university degree.
As Indicated earlier, The administrative class is the highest grade of civil servants in the civil service. Members of this class of civil servant include the Director General or the Permanent Secretary,Deputy Director, Assistance Directors, General Principal Officers, Etc. These officers are responsible for advising the Ministers, helping in the formulation of major policies and then carrying out general administrative work of their various ministries.
Their recruitment is the therefore based on university education or equivalent educational qualification and long service as
The objective is a major issue that distinguishes pressure groups from political parties.
Political parties aim at contesting and winning elections and controlling government while pressure groups aim at pursing the interest of their members but do not attempt to control government machinery directly by contesting elections.