Checks and balances, principle of government under which separate branches are empowered to prevent actions by other branches and are induced to share power. Checks and balances are applied primarily in constitutional governments. This means same thing as separation of powers which is the vesting of the legislative, executive, and judiciary powers of government in separate bodies.
Rights are simply a moral or legal entitlement to have or do something. Rights are legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people according to some legal system, social convention, or ethical theory.