A hindrance to the democratization of the United Nations is Resistance of the big powers.
It is the five permanent members of the Security Council that is usually referred to as the big powers. The big five are as follows:
1. U.S.A 2. Britain 3. Russia 4. China and 5. France.
Each of the five permanent members of this Security Council has a veto power. In most cases this could be used to satisfy their respective selfish interest at the expense of fulfilling the objectives of the Organization. The United Nations has in most cases proved helpless in cases of aggression involving big powers . For example America invaded Vi
A principal defect of the Commonwealth is lack of commitment among member states. For instance some member states find it difficult to pay their dues while some belong to other organizations to which they pay more allegiance. For example, Britain is a member of the European Economic Community (E.E.C)
Nigeria declared that she would not attend the OAU summit in Tripoli in 1982 unless Libya withdrew her troops from Chad, but this was not done. This was during Shehu Shagari's administration.
In fact, the President did the imprecedented by boy cotting two summits in succession on what some writers described as ''some spurious grounds'' The boycotts were in Nairobi in 1981 and then that of Tripoli in 1982.
The 37th OAU Summit in Lusaka, Zambia in July 2001 adopted the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), as the integrated and comprehensive socio-economic development programme to accelerate Africa's renewal, in the form of Declaration 1 (XXXVII).
The Lusaka Summit also agreed on the creation of the Heads of State and Government Implementiation Committee (HSGIC), which in turn established the NEPAD Steering Committee and the NEPAD Secretariat to coordinate and administer its activities.
The process of law-making by the legislature begins as follows:
First and Fore most, the initiator of the bill will have to notify the clerk of the House by making sure that the draft of the bill reached him, the clerk of the House will then notify the members of Parliament about the presence of such bill.
The clerk of the House will read out the title of the bill. It will then be printed out in leaflets and circulated to all members for them to study before the second reading which the date will also be fixed.