Basically, the functions of the legislature under our constitution extend to the following key areas: a. lawmaking, b. control over state funds, c. oversights over the other branches of government in areas that are coterminous with the legislative powers, d. receipts and disposal of petitions, e. screening of nominees for executive appointments, f. quasi-judicial functions in indicting and impeaching the executive and g. protecting democracy by emphasizing representation as well as open debate of State affairs.
Independence of the judiciary has to do with the idea that courts should be separated from the Executive and Legislative arm of government. This independence is important to aid the judges to remain impartial to serve the constitution, act fairly, reasonably, free of any fear or favor. One way to ensure the independence of the judiciary is by not politicizing the appointments of judges. Judges should be non partisan and their appointments shouldn't be based off political affiliations.
A common feature of government is the making of public policy.
Government is made up of three arms the legislature, the executive and judiciary. The main function of the legislature is law making while that of the executive is formulation and implementation of policies
The best form of government for a heterogeneous society is a federal system.
It should also be noted that heterogeneity, different languages, customs and levels of political economic and social developments among the tribes play a prominent role in forcing confederal system of government on the people.