Before the Second Ballot System is introduce in an election is when none of the candidates wins the election by absolute majority in a general election, another election would be conducted. In this final election, only the candidates with the highest votes are allowed to contest.
So the second ballot is based on the principle that a successful candidate must obtain Absolute Majority
Absolute Majority System is a system of voting in which a candidate must acquire more than half of the total vote cast before he can be declared winner. There is an explanation video available
The Security Council is one of the organs of U.N.O and it is assumed to be the most powerful of all the organs, making up the organization. Formerly, it was made up of 5 permanent members also known as the Permanent Five, Big Five, or P5 and 6 non-permanent members, but it was enlarged in 1965, bringing 6 non-permanent members to 10, making it 15 members. The permanent members are: United States of America (USA), China, Britain, France and Russia.
The President of the United Nations Security Council is the presiding officer of that body. The President is the head of the delegation from the United Nations Security Council member state that holds the rotating presidency for a tenure of &l
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber. Thus, a unicameral parliament or unicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of one chamber or house. A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme. The central government may create administrative divisions. Such units exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to local governments by statute, the central government may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail their pow
Individual ministerial responsibility is a constitutional convention in governments using the Westminster System that a cabinet minister bears the ultimate responsibility for the actions of their ministry or department.
According to Individual Ministerial Responsibility:
• Ministers are individually responsible for the work of their departments and are answerable to Parliament for all their departments activities.
• They are expected to accept responsibility for any failure in administration, any injustice to an individual or any aspect of policy which may be criticised in parliament, whether personally or not
An unwritten constitution refers to when the whole body of fundamental laws, customs, conventions, principles, rules and regulations according to which a particular government of a country operates are not written down or codified in a single document.
An important aspect of an unwritten constitution is that it contains customary laws and conventions There is an explanation video available below.
The creation of more states in Nigeria has eliminated ethnic and religious conflicts which used to be a bane of crises in the country, as both minor and major ethnic groups are involved. There is an explanation video available below.
The system was based on constitutional monarchy in which the monarch exercise authority in accordance with the written or unwritten constitution, it was not absolute. There is an explanation video available below.
In the realm of bilateral relations, Nigeria did not hesitate to break diplomatic ties with France in 1961 when France tested an atomic bomb in the Sahara Desert. The action was against the firm warning by Nigeria having observed that the test was going to be injurious to Nigeria and some other African countries. Thus, Nigeria imposed stern economic measures on France, first banning all ship movements of French origins from navigating the coastal areas of Nigeria. There is an explanation video available below.