It is largely and logically smart to trace Africa's poverty increase to the widespread unemployment rate of the youth - the largest proportion of the African population. N.B: as much as almost all of the options are right, the emphasis in the question is on 'particularly'.
The historical motivation for imperialism by the Western Powers has been to obtain and control the abundant raw materials, resources of the developing States.This particular feature of socio-economic dominion differentiates it from Colonialism as a concept.
Ojukwu, being Governor of the Eastern Region, immediately declared it an independence State of Biafra seeing as Gowon created twelve states in May 1976 without consultation. This, Ojukwu considered as the last straw.
Division of Nigeria into provinces is the correct answer. The only administrative change made upon the amalgamation of 1914 was the division of the territory into provinces headed by provincial commissioners.
In retaliation to the successful defence of Eshugbayi Eleko as the rightful king of Lagos and the humiliation this brought to the British officials, Macaulay was jailed twice by the colonial power thereafter.
Preparing ground works for the self-governance and inclusive development of Nigeria is the correct answer. The Conference, among other things, deliberated on the proposed dates for the independence of each of the regions, increased membership of the House of Representatives, creation of the Prime Minister's office etc for Nigeria.
The colonialists invested in raw materials and industries for their extraction employed both skilled and unskilled labour. All of these activities led to the urbanization of the vicinities around these industries.
The end of the Zamana Masaf∂nt (Era of Princes) led to the centralisation of state power in the hands of the Emperors of Ethiopia. This consolidation of power helped in confronting the Italo-Egyptian invasion in the 19th Century.
Geographical reasons is the correct answer. The Sokoto Caliphate because of its large size was divided into the Western Emirates under the authority of Sokoto and the Eastern Emirates which remained more or less autonomous.